Depression is a term taken very lightly in our society. Having a sad feeling or a rough week is counted in depression. People have normalized the use of word depression without going through any diagnosis due to which the patients actually going through depression are taken casually in their initial stages.
What is Depression?
Depression is a mood or emotional state that is marked by feelings of low self-worth or culpability, extreme guilt, and a reduced ability to enjoy life. A depressed person feels hopeless and considers everything around, as not suitable for him/her. Simply saying depression slowly snatches the charm of life and takes people to a state of where they start feeling it is useless to live.
What are the Symptoms
A person commonly experiences several of the following symptoms:
- Sad and Crestfallen
- Pessimism and negative
- Lowered self-esteem
- Heightened self-depreciation
- A loss of ability to take pleasure in ordinary activities
- Low energy and vitality
- The slowness of thought or action
- Loss of appetite
- Disturbed sleep or insomnia or sleeping too much
What are the Major Causes of Depression
When a person goes through unwanted sex, an unwanted attempt of sex, or is treated like a sex object it causes a feeling of worthlessness. Most people who go through any such incidents started feeling that it was their fault.
Children who experience any such incident quickly lose their confidence and ability to trust people.
Physical abuse is not limited to wounds or marks we visibly see on the body of the victim. It also has an invisible impact on the human brain. Physical abuse is like a ripple effect, it destroys the harmony and peace of mind. When abuse is repetitive it makes the situation more vulnerable.
Verbal abuse is toxic it is like a slow poison. Verbal abuse is a big reason of low self-esteem, worthlessness, and low confidence. Slowly the victim starts feeling that he/she is not capable or a misfit, they are what negative people calling them, it’s their fault. Such guilt feeling leads towards more severe conditions sometimes like suicidal thoughts or in a few cases thoughts of killing the people.
Some drugs, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), the antiviral drug interferon-alpha, and corticosteroids, can increase your risk of depression. Self-prescribing of sleeping pills or any heavy medicine can also become a reason.
Conflicts in office and family can trigger depression in people who have the biological vulnerability to develop depression. A long term issue or a relation where people have constant fights and conflicts can result in depression.
Death or a Loss
The tragic and sudden death of a loved one causes grief and there are high chances of depression.
Depression can be genetic as well. A family history of depression increases the risk so a small situation may cause big adrift in life. Chances of genetic depression are high when both partners have depression history in family or have cousin marriage. Genetic depression is often complicated and a shows a little different signs.
Sudden change in life and big events like weddings, new career opportunities, job loss, loss in business graduation, divorce, abortion, retiring, etc. causes anxiety which may lead to depression. A perception that only bad events can cause depression is wrong. Sometimes happy events can also become a reason.
Other personal issues like social isolation due to pandemic diseases like current COVID-19 or mental disease, being cast out of a family or social group, facing racism or gender biases in school, or at work can also become a reason for depression.
Sometimes depression co-exists with a major illness or may be initiated by another medical condition.
Serious accidents that result in disability, long bed rest, loss of any sense or part of the body also cause depression. The memory of the event haunts patients for a long time also the feeling of losing life or seeing death from close causes a negative effect on the human brain.
Intake of addictive substances disturbs the brain and body functions. Excessive or long term use is a big cause of depression. Almost 38% of people with substance abuse problems are also diagnosed with major or clinical depression. Drugs, alcohol, or other substance temporarily makes you feel better, they ultimately will worsen your depression.